In the event of a dispute in a unionized job, the collective agreement is the first place the parties will go for answers. Because of the fundamental importance of a collective agreement in a unionized environment, the interpretation of collective agreements tends to become a matter of great conflict between the parties, with each party struggling to interpret the document in its favour. The Union of Banking Insurance, Finance and Insurance Workers (BIFAWU) has applied for a review of an arbitration award following a dispute over the interpretation of a collective agreement between them and the South African Football Association (SAFA). Article 4 of the Recognition Agreement stipulates that the employer has agreed to consult the work forum in the event of a major change of employment within the meaning of Section 84 of the Labour Relations Act (LRA). Conversely, Article 19 provides that the parties have agreed that a savings contract would come into effect in the event of a reduction and, in the absence of such an agreement, s189 applies to the LRA. Other important aspects of collective interpretation are: in Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements, compared to 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to jobs and workers covered by collective agreements.  In Finland, collective agreements are generally valid. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement.
4. The context in which words appear is also an important source of their meaning. The words considered should be read in the context of the sentence, section or collective agreement as a whole. Titles also help to make sense of the sections covered by the collective agreement, unless the collective agreement indicates that titles should not be used as an interpretive guide. With respect to the interpretation of the recognition agreement, the Court held that the Commissioner`s interpretation on the merits, because it gave effect under the terms of the agreement, that is, its ordinary and popular meaning, without ambiguity. That is how the Commissioner was right to apply his opinion to the questions put to him. A collective agreement reflects the final consensus reached between the parties at the bargaining table. As such, it is assumed that each party intends to do what it has said, and the simple interpretation rule applies. In other words, words get their usual meaning, technical or legal terms get their technical or legal meaning, and the specific use of words is recognized in the respective context that is at stake between the parties. In a unionized environment, collective agreement is fundamentally an important aspect of the employment relationship.